Weekly unemployment claims in Vermont decreased for the third straight week, as March results moved closer to February’s relatively low levels. Last week there were 874 new regular benefit claims for Unemployment Insurance in Vermont last week. This is a decrease of 10 claims from the week before and is 57 higher than last year’s total.Altogether 9,687 new and continuing claims were filed, a decrease of 454 from a week ago and 2,346 fewer than a year ago. The Department also processed 1,515 First Tier claims for benefits under Emergency Unemployment Compensation, 2008 (EUC08), 14 more than a week ago. In addition, there were 718 Second Tier claims for benefits processed under the EUC08 program, which is 13 fewer than the week before. The Unemployment Weekly Report can be found at: http://www.vtlmi.info/(link is external). Previously released Unemployment Weekly Reports and other UI reports can be found at: http://www.vtlmi.info/lmipub.htm#uc(link is external) Vermont’s unemployment rate fell two-tenths to 4.9 percent in February. See story HERE.
Share Email Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Either sentence is grammatically acceptable, but you probably found the first one to be more natural. Why? Perhaps because of the placement of the word “out,” which seems to fit better in the middle of this word sequence than the end.In technical terms, the first sentence has a shorter “dependency length” — a shorter total distance, in words, between the crucial elements of a sentence. Now a new study of 37 languages by three MIT researchers has shown that most languages move toward “dependency length minimization” (DLM) in practice. That means language users have a global preference for more locally grouped dependent words, whenever possible.“People want words that are related to each other in a sentence to be close together,” says Richard Futrell, a PhD student in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT, and a lead author of a new paper detailing the results. “There is this idea that the distance between grammatically related words in a sentence should be short, as a principle.”The paper, published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, suggests people modify language in this way because it makes things simpler for our minds — as speakers, listeners, and readers.“When I’m talking to you, and you’re trying to understand what I’m saying, you have to parse it, and figure out which words are related to each other,” Futrell observes. “If there is a large amount of time between one word and another related word, that means you have to hold one of those words in memory, and that can be hard to do.”While the existence of DLM had previously been posited and identified in a couple of languages, this is the largest study of its kind to date.“It was pretty interesting, because people had really only looked at it in one or two languages,” says Edward Gibson, a professor of cognitive science and co-author of the paper. “We though it was probably true [more widely], but that’s pretty important to show. … We’re not showing perfect optimization, but [DLM] is a factor that’s involved.”From head to tailTo conduct the study, the researchers used four large databases of sentences that have been parsed grammatically: one from Charles University in Prague, one from Google, one from the Universal Dependencies Consortium (a new group of computational linguists), and a Chinese-language database from the Linguistic Dependencies Consortium at the University of Pennsylvania. The sentences are taken from published texts, and thus represent everyday language use.To quantify the effect of placing related words closer to each other, the researchers compared the dependency lengths of the sentences to a couple of baselines for dependency length in each language. One baseline randomizes the distance between each “head” word in a sentence (such as “threw,” above) and the “dependent” words (such as “out”). However, since some languages, including English, have relatively strict word-order rules, the researchers also used a second baseline that accounted for the effects of those word-order relationships.In both cases, Futrell, Gibson, and co-author Kyle Mahowald found, the DLM tendency exists, to varying degrees, among languages. Italian appears to be highly optimized for short sentences; German, which has some notoriously indirect sentence constructions, is far less optimized, according to the analysis.And the researchers also discovered that “head-final” languages such as Japanese, Korean, and Turkish, where the head word comes last, show less length minimization than is typical. This could be because these languages have extensive case-markings, which denote the function of a word (whether a noun is the subject, the direct object, and so on). The case markings would thus compensate for the potential confusion of the larger dependency lengths.“It’s possible, in languages where it’s really obvious from the case marking where the word fits into the sentence, that might mean it’s less important to keep the dependencies local,” Futrell says.Futrell, Gibson, and Mahowald readily note that the study leaves larger questions open: Does the DLM tendency occur primarily to help the production of language, its reception, a more strictly cognitive function, or all of the above?“It could be for the speaker, the listener, or both,” Gibson says. “It’s very difficult to separate those.” Pinterest Here’s a quick task: Take a look at the sentences below and decide which is the most effective.(1) “John threw out the old trash sitting in the kitchen.”(2) “John threw the old trash sitting in the kitchen out.” LinkedIn
The NM OZ forum is co-sponsored by the New Mexico Economic Development Department and the New Mexico Partnership.Learn more about OZ on the NM EDD online hub at www.nmopportunity.com. New Mexico has 63 designated Opportunity Zones (OZ) in 22 counties as part of the U.S. Government’s Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. The purpose of the tax law is to attract capital investment into economically distressed areas in exchange for a reduced tax obligation. Currently accepting applications for exhibitors. Click here to register as an individual or an exhibitor. NMED News: NM EDD Cabinet Secretary Alicia J. Keyes will be announcing a new incentive for New Mexico Opportunity Zones. The forum is free of charge and will include time for networking with exhibitors and attendees, a box lunch, and cover a range of topics related to OZ:OZ Introduction/Policy BasicsOZ Project Development, Step by Step for CommunitiesHow to Leverage Funding Sources in an OZHow to Promote Your OZ or ProjectNM ResourcesNM Initiative Click here for the full agenda. Individuals and potential exhibitors can register for the event on the website HERE. New Mexico Opportunity Zones Forum from 7:30 a.m. – 2:30 p.m., Aug. 27, 2019, at National Hispanic Cultural Center, 1701 4th Street SW, Albuquerque. Space is limited – Registration required
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The first two months of 2014 have seen an overall 3.6 percent improvement in demand over the previous year. This continues the strengthening in cargo markets which began in the second half of 2013.”Cargo has had a positive start to the year. There is good cause for measured optimism for the cargo industry’s prospects in 2014. The 3.6 percent growth in demand recorded over the first two months of this year is a significant step up from the 1.4 percent growth in demand over the whole of 2013,” said Tony Tyler, IATA’s director general and ceo.”There are, however, some serious trends which are not in the industry’s favour.Companies continue to ‘on-shore’ their manufacturing supply chains. The world’s top 20 economies implemented some 23% more protectionist measures last year than in 2009. These factors are a major part of the reason why we are not seeing trade growth of 5-6 percent, which we would expect to see at the current level of domestic production. Currently trade and domestic production growth is running at about the same level. The World Trade Organization’s agreement in Bali late last year gives hope for invigorated world trade. It’s important that governments keep their commitments,” said Tyler.The vast majority of the growth in cargo was realised by airlines in the Middle East and Europe who recorded 11.9 percent and 5.5 percent growth respectively compared to the previous February. www.iata.org
SWITZERLAND: Metre-gauge operator Appenzeller Bahnen recently took delivery of two vehicles ordered as part of the St Gallen Durchmesserlinie project. On March 27 Appenzeller Bahnen took delivery of the first of five ABe4/12 electric multiple-units ordered from Stadler for SFr40m in 2016. This is due to enter revenue service in May on the 32·1 km Gossau – Appenzell – Wasserauen route. The three-car trainset is 58·8 m long, 2 650 mm wide and 3 990 mm high. There are 15 first-class and 138 second-class seats, 20 tip-up seats in four wheelchair spaces and capacity for 209 standing passengers. The 53% low-floor EMUs have a maximum speed of 80 km/h and draw power at 1·5 kV DC. The delivery followed the arrival of the first Tango light rail vehicle on the night of March 22-23. This was transported by lorry from Stadler’s Altenrhein factory and is due to enter revenue service in August. Appenzeller Bahnen finalised an SFr84m order for 11 Tangos in 2016. These are to be put into service on the 29·8 km Trogen – St Gallen – Appenzell route. The 59% low-floor six-section LRVs are 52·6 m long, with four double leaf doors per side. There are 12 first-class and 111 second-class seats, in addition to 24 tip-up seats in four wheelchair spaces and capacity for 218 standing passengers. Maximum speed is 80 km/h. The EMUs and LRVs have been ordered as part of the Durchmesserlinie project to enable through running between Appenzeller Bahnen’s Trogen and Appenzell routes. This includes boring the 705 m Ruckhalde tunnel between St Gallen and Lustmühle which will replace a steeply-graded section of line which currently uses the Riggenbach-Klose rack system. Once open in October, the Durchmesserlinie will allow Appenzeller Bahnen to operate services every 15 min between Trogen, St Gallen and Appenzell.
SPLA soldiers At least 45 people have died in fighting between ethnic groups in South Sudan’s northern state of Western Lakes, a local official said, in a new source of violence in a country already devastated by a four-year civil war.SPLA soldiersShadrack Bol Maachok, the state’s information minister, said the clashes in Malek county started after a group of young people from the Ruop ethnic group attacked rival youth from the Pakam tribe on Wednesday and Thursday.Early on Friday, the Pakam fighters launched a revenge assault on the Ruop, with the fighting still raging late into the day.“It was a very heavy fighting, it has left more than 45 people dead and many injured,” he said.The death toll is likely to climb as the area is remote and officials are still trying to gather information on the incident, he said.In the clashes, houses were burned down and properties destroyed, Maachok said, adding that South Sudan’s military, SPLA, had deployed troops from the state capital Rumbek to try to stop the violence.The UN mission in South Sudan UNMISS estimated the death toll at more than 50 and said it had dispatched a military patrol to the area to establish the level of destruction and the impact on civilians.“We hope to engage the leaders of the fighting parties to press the need to refrain from revenge attacks. We will also intensify patrols to deter further violence,” UNMISS said.South Sudan was plunged into war in 2013 after a political disagreement between President Salva Kiir and his former vice president Riek Machar escalated into a military confrontation.The fighting has killed tens of thousands, uprooted about a quarter of the country’s population of 12 million people and left its small, oil-dependant economy moribund.Violence between rival communities is common in parts of South Sudan, often triggered by quarrels over scarce grazing land and cultural and political grievances. But the death toll is rarely large.The minister said this week’s skirmishes stemmed from disputes dating back to 2013 but it was not clear what exactly sparked the grievances.
Marie Curie Community Fundraiser Georgia Ramplin said, “Marie Curie are really looking forward to getting involved with the Dumfries Running Club this year. By choosing us as their benefitting charity for the Half Marathon, the funds raised will make a huge difference and will allow our nurses to continue to provide care for people living with a terminal illness.” The event, which is in its 36th year, which takes place on Saturday 10th September and begins at Dumfries and Galloway College. South Scotland MSP Colin Smyth has been asked by Marie Curie to carry out the official start of the race and award medals at the end. The race, which will attract entries from across the UK, will take runners from the College at the Crichton towards Bankend before climbing past the Dovecotewell animal rescue centre with superb views over to Criffel. The runners will then return to the Crichton via Glencaple and the tricky climb back close to Bankend. The final four miles see the runners retrace their steps with a welcome final downhill mile back to the College. South Scotland MSP Colin Smyth said: “It’s a real privilege to be carrying out the race start on behalf of Marie Curie and awarding the medals. In my work as Vice-Convenor of the Scottish Parliament’s Palliative Care Group I have seen at first hand Marie Curie do to support families at an incredibly difficult time and it’s great that Dumfries Running Club have recognised this work”. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInDumfries Running Club, Marie Curie, Dumfries and Galloway College and South Scotland MSP Colin Smyth have come together to encourage as many people as possible to join in the fun and take part in the Dumfries Half Marathon. “I would encourage as many people as possible to take part in the half marathon which caters for all levels and to as many members of the public to come along and cheer on those who will be running. People will know that by taking part they are supporting the fantastic work Marie Curie do to support people in our area”. This year’s entrants will also be helping a good cause, after the running club today announced that Marie Curie will be this year’s chosen charity to benefit from any funds raised from the race. Beverly Armstrong from Dumfries and Galloway College said, “Dumfries and Galloway College looks forward to hosting the Dumfries Half Marathon again this year. The event is always an enjoyable one and the college wish all runners the best of luck “. Mark Johnston from Dumfries Running Club said; “This will be the 36th race and every year we pick a different charity. We are very proud to support Marie Curie and a number of smaller groups who volunteer in the organising and operation of the run. We know the good work that Marie Curie do locally which is why we are delighted to back them in this way.”